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Element + WebServlet实现头像上传

Gz
Gz
2023-07-27 / 0 评论 / 0 点赞 / 143 阅读 / 658 字 / 正在检测是否收录...

Element + WebServlet实现头像上传

后端解析到前端的请求 -> 存储到本地目录下 -> 将存储的路径返回给前端 -> 前端更新头像

后端代码:

@WebServlet(name = "FileUploadServlet", value = "/fileUpload.do")
public class FileUploadServlet extends HttpServlet {
    @Override
    protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        // 文件上传是前端要求: 提交方式=post、enctype=multipart/form-data
        String fileName = ""; //文件名
        try {
            // 1.验证请求方式、 enctype
            if (ServletFileUpload.isMultipartContent(request)) {
                // 获取项目存储路径 [项目的运行目录]
                String realPath = getServletContext().getRealPath("/");
                // 2.实例化ServletFileUpload对象
                ServletFileUpload servletFileUpload = new ServletFileUpload(new DiskFileItemFactory());
                // 3.解析request
                Map<String, List<FileItem>> listMap = servletFileUpload.parseParameterMap(request);
                listMap.forEach((key, value) -> {
                    System.out.println(key + "--" + value);
                });

                Set<String> keySet = listMap.keySet();
                for (String key : keySet) {
                    List<FileItem> fileItems = listMap.get(key);
                    for (FileItem fileItem : fileItems) {
                        System.out.println("文件名:" + fileItem.getName());
                        System.out.println("是否是普通的表单元素:" + fileItem.isFormField());
                        System.out.println("长度:" + fileItem.getSize());
                        // 4.文件上传
                        if (!fileItem.isFormField()) { // 如果是一个文件上传组件
                            fileName = "img\\" + new Date().getTime() + fileItem.getName();
                            System.out.println(fileName);
                             // 新建空文件
                            File file = new File(realPath + "\\" + fileName);
                            System.out.println(realPath  + fileName);
                            // 文件上传
                            fileItem.write(file);

                        }
                    }
                }

            }
        } catch (FileUploadException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
        ReturnEntity returnEntity = new ReturnEntity();
        returnEntity.setCode(0);
        returnEntity.setMessage(fileName);
        ServletUtils.sendDataClient(response, returnEntity);
    }
}

前端代码:

image-20230727153035137

image-20230727153055039

<template>
  <div class="upload-avatar">
    <el-upload
      :action="uploadUrl"
      :show-file-list="false"
      :on-success="handleUploadSuccess"
      :before-upload="beforeUpload"
      :with-credentials="true"
    >
      <img class="avatar" :src="avatarUrl" :alt="defaultAvatar" />
      <div class="tip">点击上传头像</div>
    </el-upload>
  </div>
</template>
<script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      defaultAvatar: '默认头像',
      avatarUrl: 'https://lk.zinzin.cc/i/64b4f9c128d1b.png', // 头像url
      uploadUrl: 'http://192.168.3.177:8088/javasm_war_exploded/fileUpload.do' // 上传地址
    }
  },
  methods: {
    // 上传前的校验
    beforeUpload(file) {
      const isJPG = file.type === 'image/jpeg'
      const isPNG = file.type === 'image/png'
      const isLt2M = file.size / 1024 / 1024 < 2

      if (!isJPG && !isPNG) {
        this.$message.error('上传头像图片只能是 JPG/PNG 格式!')
        return false
      }
      if (!isLt2M) {
        this.$message.error('上传头像图片大小不能超过 2MB!')
        return false
      }

      return true
    },

    // 上传成功的回调函数
    handleUploadSuccess(res) {
      if (res.code === 0) {
        this.$message.success('上传头像成功!')
        console.log(res.message)
        this.avatarUrl =
          'http://192.168.3.177:8088/javasm_war_exploded/' + res.message
      } else {
        this.$message.error('上传头像失败!')
      }
    }
  }
}
</script>

<style>
.avatar-uploader .el-upload {
  border: 1px dashed #d9d9d9;
  border-radius: 6px;
  cursor: pointer;
  position: relative;
  overflow: hidden;
}
.avatar-uploader .el-upload:hover {
  border-color: #409eff;
}
.avatar-uploader-icon {
  font-size: 28px;
  color: #8c939d;
  width: 178px;
  height: 178px;
  line-height: 178px;
  text-align: center;
}
.avatar {
  width: 178px;
  height: 178px;
  display: block;
}
</style>

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